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18-6.1 DEFINITIONS. Amended
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Words and phrases used in this Chapter shall be defined as follows:

ABANDONMENT shall mean the relinquishment of property, or a cessation of the use of the property for a period of one (1) year or more with the intention neither of transferring rights of the property nor of resuming use of the property.

ABATEMENT shall mean eliminating a zoning violation.

ACCESS shall mean a way or means of approach to provide physical entrance to a lot, parcel; or natural feature.

ACCESSORY shall mean incidental or subordinate to the principal use or structure on the same lot or parcel.

ACCESSORY STRUCTURE shall mean a structure containing no kitchen, cooking or bathroom and located upon the same lot or parcel as the principal use or structure to which it is accessory. The structure is customary, incidental, appropriate and subordinate to the use of the principal building or the principal use of the land. All accessory structures shall be constructed with, or subsequent to, the construction of the principal structure or activation of the principal use. Accessory structures shall not include mobile homes, vehicles including recreational vehicles and travel trailers or travel coaches. Accessory structures shall include such structures as stairs, decks, porches, cabanas and similar structures.

ACCESSORY USE shall mean a use conducted upon the same building site, lot or parcel as the principal use or structure to which it is accessory. The use is customary, incidental, appropriate and subordinate to the use of the principal building, or the principal use of the land.

ACCESSORY USE, AGRICULTURAL shall mean those uses and structures customarily incidental and subordinate to the agricultural use of the land including but not limited to: barns, storage sheds, corrals, pens, fences, windmills, watering and feed troughs; the storage and use of farm implements, irrigation and crop-protection equipment; the storage and use of fuels for heating buildings and operation of farm equipment or appliances; farm employee housing; water and wastewater treatment facilities and systems for private uses; utility and communication distribution facilities, not over one hundred kilo volts (100 KV) or one hundred (100) square feet of building area; and structures which are determined by the Planning Director to be customary, and incidental to the agricultural use of the lot or parcel. Agricultural accessory uses shall not include construction equipment storage yards.

ACCESSORY USE, COMMERCIAL shall mean those uses and structures customarily incidental and subordinate to the commercial use of the land including but not limited to: trash storage areas and bins; vending machines, including reverse vending machines and ice dispensers; six (6) or less games/amusement devices and two (2) or less pool tables occupying less than twenty-five (25%) percent of the net floor area of the principal use: required loading and unloading facilities; outdoor tables, benches, umbrellas, fountains, ponds, statues, sculpture, paintings and other works of art; radio and television antennas, private satellite dish antennas, the storage and use of fuels for fleet vehicles, heating buildings or for operation of appliances or equipment used within a building; water and wastewater treatment facilities and systems; sales offices, showrooms and administrative offices; permitted signs; the Storage and use of commercial fleet vehicle as part of the principal use; utility and communication distribution facilities, not over one hundred kilo volts (100 KV) or one hundred (100) square feet of building area, and; other accessory uses and structures which are determined by the Planning Director to be customary and incidental to the commercial use of the lot or parcel. Temporary outdoor sales, sidewalk sales and parking lot sales in association with and located on the same lot of record as a permitted business that is within an enclosed building, are allowed during the following holiday weekends: Labor Day, Memorial Day, Presidents Day, Thanksgiving Day, July 4th and other Chamber of Commerce sponsored events.

ACCESSORY USE, RESIDENTIAL shall mean those uses and structures customarily incidental and subordinate to the residential use of the land including but not limited to: private garages, children’s playhouses, patios, decks, fences, landings, porches, gazebos, outdoor gardens, trash storage areas and bins, storage sheds, radio and television antennas, satellite dish antennas, solar panels, flag poles, private boat docks and boathouses, private pools, tennis courts, spas and hot tubs; domestic animal keeping; water and wastewater treatment facilities and systems for private use; permitted signs; the storage and use of fuels for heating buildings or for operating light equipment or household appliances; the parking of or temporary storage of operative vehicles or vessels owned or leased by the occupant of a dwelling located on the same property used for parking or temporary storage, including automobiles, light trucks, recreational vehicles, motorcycles and boats; utility and communication distribution facilities not over one hundred kilo volts (100 KV) or one hundred (100) square feet of building area; incidental, business-related uses of a private resident by an occupant, such as using the residence’s phone as a business phone, so long as no office open to the public is maintained, no work or outdoor storage is conducted on site and no employees or vehicles are dispatched from the residence; the sale of secondhand goods by households at their private residence, including garage or yard sales, which are open to the public and occur no more than two (2) events per calendar year, with each event not exceeding three (3) days; and other accessory uses and structures which are determined by the Planning Director to be customary and incidental to the residential use of the lot or parcel. Residential accessory uses shall not include: mobile storage trailers, storage structures or cargo boxes designed or once serving as commercial cargo containers, true trailers or boxes; and the storage of mobile tractor-trailers or separate truck trailers or cargo trailers.

ACCESSORY USE, INDUSTRIAL shall mean those uses and structures customarily incidental and subordinate to the industrial use of the land including but not limited to: loading and unloading facilities and equipment, parking areas and shipping terminals; trash storage areas and bins; water and wastewater treatment facilities and systems; incidental services such as cafeterias; storage facilities and garages, sales offices, showrooms and administrative offices; radio and television antennas, private satellite dish antennas, the storage and use of fuels for fleet vehicles, heating buildings or for operation of appliances or equipment used within a building; permitted signs; the storage and use of commercial fleet vehicle as part of the principal use; utility and communication distribution facilities not over one hundred kilo volts (100KV) or one hundred (100) square feet of building area, and; other accessory uses and structures which are determined by the Planning Director to be customary and incidental to the industrial use of the lot or parcel.

ACRE shall mean a land area unit containing forty-three thousand five hundred sixty (43,560) square feet.

ADDITION shall mean a construction which increases the size of a building such as a porch, attached garage or carport, or new room. An addition is a form of alteration.

AGRICULTURAL USE shall mean the tilling of soil, the raising of crops, horticulture, viticulture, aviculture, apiculture, livestock grazing, the raising of small animals and poultry, domestic livestock farming, dairying, and animal husbandry.

AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING shall mean the refinement, treatment, or conversion of agricultural products. Examples of agricultural processing include but are not limited to: packing sheds, fruit dehydrators, cold storage houses and hulling operations and the sorting, cleaning, packing, and storing of agricultural products preparatory to sale and/or shipment in their natural form when such products are produced on the premises including all uses customarily incidental thereto, but not including a slaughter house, fertilizer works, commercial packing or processing plant for the reduction of animal matter or any other use which is similarly objectionable because of odor, smoke, dust, fumes, vibration or danger to life or property.

AGRICULTURAL SERVICE ESTABLISHMENT shall mean a specialized form of agribusiness which not only has an integral role in local farming or ranching practices but is solely dependent upon agriculture to remain a business.

AIRPORT shall mean any area which is customarily used or intended for use for the landing and taking off of aircraft and any appurtenant areas which are used or intended for use for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon.

ALLEY shall mean a public or private thoroughfare which affords a secondary means of access to abutting property and is not intended for general traffic circulation.

ALTERATION shall mean any change or rearrangement in the supporting members of an existing building, such as bearing walls, column, beams, girders, or interior partitions, as well as any change in doors or windows, or any enlargement to or diminution of a building or structure, whether horizontally or vertically, or the moving of a building or structure from one location to another.

APPLICANT shall mean a person submitting an application for a zoning clearance, any permit authorized by this Chapter, or a zoning ordinance amendment.

APPLICATION means that form provided by the City in accordance with Article 18-12 for the purpose of seeking a use permit for a commercial cannabis business.

AUTOMOTIVE REPAIRS, MAJOR shall mean repair or refurbishing of any motor vehicle including the dismantling of an engine by removal of the heads or pistons; the removal of the transmission, rear end or major assembly of any motor vehicle, painting and auto body and fender work.

AUTOMOTIVE REPAIRS, MINOR shall mean limited repair of any motor vehicle including, but not limited to fluids or minor automotive parts including, but not limited to: spark plugs, belts, batteries, mufflers, tires and wheels. Major automotive repair, painting, body and fender work are excluded.

AUTOMOBILE WRECKING shall mean the dismantling or wrecking of used motor vehicles or trailers, or the storage, sale or dumping of dismantled or wrecked vehicles or their parts.

AUTOMOBILE WRECKING YARD shall mean the presence on any lot or parcel of land of five (5) or more motor vehicles which for a period exceeding thirty (30) days have not been capable of operating under their own power, and from which parts have been or are to be removed for reuse or sale.

AWNING SIGN shall mean a sign placed on the awning or window overhang.

BAR/TAVERN shall mean a drinking establishment where alcoholic beverages are sold for consumption on the premises (on-sale), and where the preparation and service of food is only accessory.

BED AND BREAKFAST INN shall mean a commercial use defined as two (2) or more rooms or suites located in the principal dwelling providing Overnight sleeping and breakfast accommodations for paying guests.

BILLBOARD shall mean an off-site sign which advertises a business, organization, event, person, place or thing.

BLOCK shall mean all property fronting upon one (1) side of a street, between intersecting and intercepting streets, or between a street and a right-of-way, waterway, dead end street or unsubdivided land. An intercepting street shall determine only the boundary of the block on the side of a street which it intercepts.

BLUE-LINE CREEK shall mean a creek, stream or watercourse indicated by a blue line as shown on the most recent edition of a U.S. Geological Survey topographic map.

BOARDING HOUSE shall mean a dwelling where lodging is provided for compensation to four (4) or more persons living independently from each other. Meals may be included. “Boarding house” does not include a residential care facility.

BUILDABLE AREA shall mean that area of a lot or parcel left for buildings and structures when all the development standards have been met.

BUILDING shall mean any structure having a roof supported by columns or walls and intended for shelter, housing or enclosure of any individual, animal, process, equipment, goods or materials of any kind or nature. Temporary structures such as tents are not buildings, but houses, garages, factories, barns, etc, are. “Building” shall include “structure”.

BUILDING ACCESSORY. See “accessory structure”.

BUILDING HEIGHT shall mean the vertical distance of a building measured from the average elevation of the finished grade within twenty (20') feet of the structure to the highest point of the roof.

BUILDING SETBACK LINE shall mean a development standard which establishes buildable and nonbuildable areas. The building setback line will often be a specific distance for a natural feature such as a creek or stream, property line or a right-of-way line on a parcel map, subdivision map, or follow a contour line on a topographic map. This line is used to separate conflicting uses, provide a buffer, or protect a resource.

BUILDING, PRINCIPAL OR MAIN shall mean a building or structure in which is conducted the principal use of the lot and/or building site on which it is situated.

BUILDING, RETAIL shall mean the sale of any article, substance or commodity in small quantities to the ultimate consumer for profit or livelihood.

BUILDING, WHOLESALE shall mean the handling and sale of any article, or substance for resale.

CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT (CEQA) shall mean a State law which requires local and State agencies to determine the potential environmental impacts of a proposed project.

CAMPGROUND shall mean a plot of ground upon which two (2) or more campsites are located, established or maintained for occupancy by camping units or the general public as temporary living quarters for recreation, education or vacation purposes.

CANNABIS means all parts of the plant Cannabis sativa Linnaeus, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis, or any other strain or varietal of the genus Cannabis that may exist or hereafter be discovered or developed that has psychoactive or medicinal properties, whether growing or not, including the seeds thereof. “Cannabis” also means marijuana as defined by Section 11018 of the Health and Safety Code as enacted by Chapter 1407 of the Statutes of 1972. For the purposes of this section, “cannabis” does not mean “industrial hemp” as defined by Section 81000 of the Food and Agricultural Code or Section 11018.5 of the Health and Safety Code. “Cannabis” is classified as an agricultural product separately from other agricultural crops.

CANNABIS BUSINESS means the businesses of commercial cannabis cultivation, cannabis manufacturer, cannabis testing laboratory, and cannabis distributor.

CANNABIS CULTIVATION SITE means the premise(s), leased area(s), property, location or facility where cannabis is planted, grown, harvested, dried, cured, graded, or trimmed or that does all or any combination of those activities.

CANNABIS DISTRIBUTOR means a cannabis operator permitted pursuant to this chapter to operate a location or a facility where a person conducts the business of procuring cannabis from permitted cannabis cultivation sites or cannabis manufacturers for sale to permitted cannabis dispensaries, and the inspection, quality assurance, batch testing by a Type 8 licensee, storage, labeling, packaging and other processes prior to transport to permitted medical cannabis dispensaries.

CANNABIS LICENSE means a State license issued pursuant to MAUCRSA, as may be amended from time to time.

CANNABIS LICENSEE means a person issued a cannabis license under MAUCRSA to engage in commercial cannabis activity.

CANNABIS MANUFACTURER means a person that produces, prepares, or compounds manufactured cannabis or cannabis products either directly or indirectly or by extraction methods, or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis at a fixed location that packages or repackages cannabis or cannabis products or labels or relabels its container, that holds a valid cannabis license and that holds a valid City zoning clearance or use permit.

CANNABIS MANUFACTURING SITE means a location that produces, prepares, or compounds manufactured cannabis or cannabis products, directly or indirectly, by extraction methods, independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and is owned and operated by a permittee for these activities.

CANNABIS MICROBUSINESS means a location operating as a microbusiness as defined in the State regulations issued by the Bureau of Cannabis Control for cannabis microbusinesses, but must include a dispensary component and cannabis cultivation activities are limited to nursery-only cultivation as defined by State regulations for a Type 4 nursery license.

CANNABIS NURSERY means a location operating as a nursery solely for purposes of supplying immature plants to cannabis cultivation facilities.

CANNABIS OPERATOR or OPERATOR means the person or entity that is engaged in the conduct of any commercial cannabis use.

CANNABIS PROCESSOR means a location that dries, cures, grades, trims and packages cannabis products.

CANNABIS PRODUCT means any product containing cannabis, including but not limited to flowers, buds, oils, tinctures, concentrates, extractions, and edibles intended to be sold for use according to MAUCRSA. For the purposes of this chapter, cannabis does not include industrial hemp, as defined by Section 81000 of the Food and Agricultural Code or Section 11018.5 of the Health and Safety Code.

CANNABIS TESTING LABORATORY means a facility, entity, or site in the State that offers or performs tests of cannabis or cannabis products and is both of the following:

a. Accredited by an accrediting body that is independent from all other persons involved in the cannabis testing laboratory.

b. Registered with the California Department of Public Health.

CARPORT shall mean a roofed structure, or a portion of a building, open on two (2) or more sides primarily for the parking of automobiles belonging to the occupants of the property.

CEMETERY shall mean property used for the interment of the dead.

CHURCH shall mean an institution which people regularly attend to participate in or hold religious services, meeting and other activities. The term “church” shall not carry a secular connotation, and shall include buildings in which the religious services of any denomination are held.

COLLECTION FACILITY shall mean facilities designed to allow turn-in of recyclable materials or reusable items at convenient locations including shopping centers and industrial areas. Such facilities could include various combinations of bins, boxes, cans, bulk reverse vending machines, kiosks, igloos, canopies, trucks, trailers, and vans designed for recycling material collection.

a. Small collection facility is limited to five hundred (500) square feet of area used for bins, vehicles and structures designed for recycling material collection and storage.

b. Large collection facility is one that is larger than five hundred (500) square feet of area used for bins, vehicles, equipment and structures designed for recycling material collection, storage, consolidation or processing, or one that is located on separate property not appurtenant to a host use. The use may conduct processing operations utilizing power-driven sorting or consolidation equipment such as balers, crushers, or separators.

COMMERCIAL CANNABIS CULTIVATION means any activity involving the planting, growing, harvesting, drying, curing, grading, or trimming of cannabis that is intended to be transported, processed, distributed, dispensed, delivered, or sold in accordance with MAUCRSA for use by medical cannabis patients in California pursuant to the Compassionate Use Act of 1996 (“Proposition 215”), found at Section 11362.5 of the Health and Safety Code or for adult use. Commercial cannabis cultivation is allowed only within a fully enclosed, permanent and secure structure, and outdoor commercial cannabis cultivation is prohibited in the City. Any cannabis cultivation which does not strictly comply with the provisions for personal cannabis cultivation set forth in Article 18-9 shall be considered commercial cannabis cultivation.

COMMUNITY CARE FACILITY shall mean any facility, place or building which is maintained and operated to provide non-medical residential care, emergency shelters, adult day care, or home finding agency service for children, adults, or children and adults, including, but not limited to, the physically handicapped, mentally impaired, or incompetent persons including, but not limited to, “Community care facility” as defined in Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code.

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR shall mean the Director of the Planning and Community Development Department of the City of Clearlake or his/her designee.

COMMUNITY SEWER SYSTEM shall mean any sewer disposal system with fewer than one hundred (100) connections.

COMMUNITY TREATMENT FACILITY shall mean any residential care facility which provides mental health treatment services to children in a group setting, as defined in regulations and Section 1502, Health and Safety Code.

CONDOMINIUM shall mean the joint ownership of certain common property along with private, separate ownership of living space, as defined in Section 783 of the Civil Code of the State of California.

CONTIGUOUS shall mean a common property line or point or a property line or point separated by an alley, street or other public right-of-way.

CONTRACTOR’S EQUIPMENT STORAGE YARD shall mean a storage yard operated by, or on behalf of, a contractor licensed by the State of California for storage of large equipment, vehicles, or other materials commonly used in the individual contractor’s type of business; storage of scrap materials used for repair and maintenance of contractor’s own equipment; and buildings or structures for uses such as offices and repair facilities. The yard shall not include a junk yard.

CONVERSION shall mean a change in the use of land, structure, or activity.

COTTAGE shall mean a small detached dwelling unit.

COTTAGE INDUSTRY shall mean a home occupation carried out in a structure separate from the primary building.

DAY CARE CENTER (CHILD) shall mean Commercial or nonprofit child day care facilities designed and approved to accommodate fifteen (15) or more children, or fewer than fifteen (15) children in a nonresidential building. Includes infant centers, preschools, sick child centers, and school-age day care facilities. These may be operated in conjunction with a school or church facility, or as an independent land use.

DAY CARE CENTER (ADULT) shall mean a state licensed day care facility providing care and supervision for seven or more adults for periods of less than twenty-four (24) hours for any client.

DAY CARE, HOME (CHILD), shall mean facilities that provide non-medical care and supervision of minor children for periods of less than twenty-four (24) hours. Family Day Care Home, as defined by Health and Safety Code Section 1596.78, a home that regularly provides care, protection and supervision for fourteen (14) or fewer children, in the provider’s own home, for periods of less than twenty-four (24) hours per day, while the parents or guardians are away, and is either a large family day care home or a small family day care home. 1) Large family day care homes are homes that provide family day care for seven (7) to fourteen (14) children, inclusive of children under the age of ten (10) years who reside at the home. 2) Small family day care home means a home that provides family day care for eight (8) or fewer children, inclusive of children under the age of ten (10) years who reside at the home.

DEDICATION shall mean a gift of donation of property by the owner to another party.

DELIVERY means the commercial transfer of cannabis or cannabis products from a licensed or permitted dispensary to a customer. “Delivery” also includes the use by a licensed or permitted dispensary of any technology platform owned or accessed via software license that enables the consumer to arrange for or facilitate the commercial transfer of cannabis by a licensed dispensary or retailer of cannabis or cannabis products.

DENSITY shall mean the number of dwelling units per gross acre (including public road improvements and dedications).

DENSITY BONUS shall mean a density increase over the otherwise maximum permitted density (residential) under the zoning ordinance and land use element of the general plan.

DETACHED shall mean not sharing a common wall or roof.

DEVELOPMENT shall mean the division of land into two (2) or more parcels; the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration or enlargement of any structure; any mining, excavation, landfill or land disturbance; and any use or extension of the use of land.

DEVELOPMENT STANDARD shall mean a section of each zoning or combining district which applies to permitted uses by setting forth minimum requirements or specifications for lot dimensions, setback and height limits; amount of land covered by buildings and structures; animal densities; parking and sign standards. A development standard can only be modified by a variance.

DISABLED PERSON shall mean person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; anyone who is regarded as having such impairment; or anyone who has a record of such impairment. People who are currently using illegal substances are not covered under the California Fair Employment and Housing Act or this chapter unless they have a separate disability.

DRINKING ESTABLISHMENT shall mean an activity or building where any amount of alcoholic beverages is sold and consumed on the premises, whether or not such sales are incidental to or accessory to its principal business.

DUPLEX. See “dwelling, two-family.”

DWELLING OR DWELLING UNIT shall mean a room or group of internally connected rooms that have sleeping, cooking, eating and sanitation facilities, which constitute an independent housekeeping unit, occupied by or intended for one (1) household on a long-term basis.

DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY shall mean a structure containing one (1) dwelling unit.

DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY shall mean a structure containing two (2) dwellings.

DWELLING, MULTI-FAMILY shall mean a structure containing three (3) or more dwelling units. Multi-unit dwellings include tri-plexes, four-plexes (building under one ownership with three (3) or four (4) dwelling units respectively, in the same structure); apartments (five (5) or more units in a single building, and townhouse development (three (3) or more attached dwellings where no unit is stacked over another unit), and other building types containing multiple dwelling units (for example, courtyard housing, row houses, stacked flats, etc.) Also see “dwelling, two-family.”

EGRESS shall mean a point of vehicle exit from a parking area, lot, garage or driveway.

ELDER CARE FACILITY. See “residential care facility.”

EMERGENCY SHELTER shall mean housing with minimal supportive services, for homeless persons that is limited to occupancy of six (6) months or less by a homeless person. No individual or household may be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay.

EMPLOYEE HOUSING. See “farmworker housing.”

ENCROACHMENT shall mean any obstruction in a delineated floodway, right-of-way, setback, or adjacent land.

ENERGY DEVELOPMENT shall mean activities involved in the production of electrical energy including oil and gas electrical generators, solar energy electrical generators, wind-driven electrical generators, and geothermal electrical generators.

EQUIPMENT REPAIR, LIGHT shall mean a shop for the restoration or replacement of parts of machinery powered by motors of ten (10) horsepower or less.

EQUIPMENT REPAIR, HEAVY shall mean a shop for the restoration or replacement of parts of machinery powered by motors greater than ten (10) horsepower.

EXCAVATION shall mean removal or recovery by any means whatsoever of soil, rock, minerals, mineral substances or organic substances other than vegetation, from water or land on or beneath the surface thereof.

FABRICATION shall mean the manufacturing of standardized parts of a distinct object differing from the individual components.

FAÇADE SIGN. See “wall sign”.

FACTORY shall mean a building on which semifinished or finished materials are converted to a different form or state or where goods are manufactured, assembled, treated or processed.

FACTORY-BUILT HOUSING. See “manufactured home.”

FAMILY shall mean an individual or two (2) or more persons occupying a dwelling and living together as a single housekeeping unit in which each resident has access to all parts of the dwelling and there is a sharing of household activities, expenses, experiences and responsibilities.

FAMILY CONTRACTOR’S BUSINESS shall mean a business operated at or from a person’s residence and is engaged in a trade which is regulated by the State Contractor’s License Board.

FAMILY DAY CARE HOME (Section 1596, Health and Safety Code) shall mean a home which regularly provides care, protection, and supervision of twelve (12) or fewer children, in the provider’s own home, for periods of less than twenty-four (24) hours per day, while the parents or guardians are away, and includes the following:

a. A large family day care home which provides family day care to seven (7) to twelve (12) children, inclusive, including children who reside at the home, as defined in regulations and Section 1596, Health and Safety Code; and

b. A small family day care home which provides family day care to six (6) or fewer children, including children who reside at the home, as defined in regulations and Section 1596, Health and Safety Code.

FARMWORKER HOUSING shall mean housing configured to accommodate a maximum of thirty-six (36) beds in group quarters or up to twelve (12) individual units designed for use by a single family or household. This type of housing shall comply with State and Federal standards for livability and durability, including manufactured housing, factory-built housing, other forms of prefabricated housing, dormitory- and barracks-style housing in which residents share common cooking and sanitary facilities. Farmworker housing shall be recognized as employee housing in accordance with the California Health and Safety Code Section 1702. Employee housing for six (6) or fewer persons shall be treated that same as a single-family dwelling and residential use.

FENCE shall mean any structural device forming a physical barrier by means of wood, mesh metal, chain, and brick, and stake, plastic or similar materials. Fences may be used to screen.

FLOODPLAIN shall mean the relatively flat area adjoining the channel of a natural stream or river which has been or may be covered by floodwater.

FLOODPLAIN, PRIMARY shall mean that area within the “designated floodway”.

FLOODPLAIN, SECONDARY shall mean that area of the floodplain outside of the primary flood plain, that on the average is likely to be flooded once every one hundred (100) years (i.e., that has a one (1%) percent chance of flood occurrence in any one (1) year).

FLOODWAY, DESIGNATED shall mean a stream, channel and such portions of the adjacent floodplain as are reasonably required to efficiently carry the flood of the stream; and on which properties special regulations are necessary for minimum protection of the public health, safety, and of property and improvements from hazards and damage resulting from flood waters.

FLOOR AREA, GROSS shall mean a development standard defined as the total area of all floors of a building as measured to the surfaces of exterior walls and including corridors, stairways, elevator shafts, attached garages, porches, balconies, basements, and offices.

FLOOR AREA, NET shall mean a development standard defined as the gross floor area excluding vents, shafts, stairs, corridors, attics, equipment rooms and unenclosed porches and balconies.

FOWL shall mean a bird of any kind, cock, hen of the domestic or domesticated or wild gallinaceous bird (turkey, pheasant, and grouse).

FREESTANDING SIGN shall mean a detached sign supported wholly by poles, pylons, pillars, pedestals, foundations or beams firmly anchored to the ground.

FULLY ENCLOSED AND SECURE STRUCTURE means a space within a building, greenhouse or other structure which has a complete roof enclosure supported by connecting walls extending from the ground to the roof, which is secure against unauthorized entry, provides complete visual screening, and which is accessible only through one (1) or more lockable doors and is inaccessible to minors.

GAME ROOMS/AMUSEMENT ARCADES shall mean a place wherein games/amusement devices occupy twenty-five (25%) percent or more of the net floor area, or contains seven (7) or more games/amusement devices and three (3) or more pool tables and does not include any card games of chance or gambling.

GARAGE shall mean an accessible and usable covered and completely enclosed space for storage of automobiles. Such garage to be so located on the lot so as to meet the requirements of this Chapter for and accessory building, or if attached to the main building, to meet all the requirements applicable to the main building.

GASOLINE SERVICE shall mean a retail business establishment limited to the sale of motor fuels and supplying goods and services generally required in the operation and maintenance of automotive vehicles. These may include sale of petroleum products; sale and servicing of tires, batteries, automotive accessories and replacement items, washing and lubrication and minor automotive repairs. Minor automotive repairs must be enclosed entirely within a building. Vehicles involved in automotive repair must be entirely within a building. Painting and body and fender work are excluded except for such uses that are otherwise permitted in the district. “Service station” as used herein does not include chain, or automatic wash racks.

GEO-DIRECT USE APPLICATION shall mean geothermal resources used in applications other than electrical generation. Such applications include space heating and cooling, processing, cleaning, drying, agricultural/aquacultural applications and district heating. Temperature requirements for these applications range from a low of fifty-five (55) degrees F to sixty-five (65) degrees or heat pumps, up to two hundred fifty (250) degrees F for pasteurization or industrial processing.

GEO-EXPLORATION PROJECT shall mean a project consisting solely of geothermal wells (and accessory uses and structures) drilled to discover or evaluate the presence of either low-temperature or high-temperature geothermal fluids including steam, where the surface location of the well is at least eight-tenths (.8) Km or one-half (.5) mile from the surface location of an existing well capable of producing geothermal fluids in commercial quantities.

GEO-FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT shall mean a development project as defined in California Government Code Section 65928 which is composed of geothermal wells, resource transportation lines, production equipment, roads, and other facilities which are necessary to supply geothermal energy to any particular heat utilization equipment for its production life, all within an area delineated by the applicant.

GEO-TEMPERATURE GRADIENT HOLE shall mean any well drilled for purposes of making geological or geophysical exploration measurements. Such wells have small diameters and are drilled from truck-mounted rigs that create short term and minimal surface disturbance.

GRAVEL EXTRACTION shall mean the removal of gravel from creek beds, banks, terraces and lacustrine deposits. Gravel extraction may include processing, including but not limited to, screening, crushing, sorting and washing of materials.

GROUND SIGN. See “freestanding sign.”

GUEST HOUSE shall mean a detached living quarters of a permanent type of construction without kitchen or cooking facilities of any kind, intended and used primarily for temporary guests of the occupants of the main building on the lot on which such guest house is located, and not rented or otherwise used as a separate dwelling.

HEIGHT, MAXIMUM. See “maximum height.”

HELIPORT shall mean any area of land, water or a structure which is used or intended for use for the landing and taking off of helicopters.

HOME OCCUPATION shall mean an accessory use of a dwelling, conducted entirely within the dwelling unit or an allowed accessory structure, and carried on by one (1) or more persons, all of whom reside within the dwelling unit. The use is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the dwelling and does not change the character thereof or adversely affect the uses permitted in the residential district of which it is part. Home occupations do not include those incidental, business-related uses of a private residence by an occupant, such as using the residence’s phone as a business phone, so long as no office open to the public is maintained, no work or storage is conducted on site and no employees or vehicles are dispatched from the residence.

HOSPITAL shall mean an institution providing physical or mental health services, inpatient or overnight accommodations, and medical or surgical care of the sick or injured including full-time medical supervision of the institution.

HOTEL or MOTEL shall mean any building, portion thereof or group of buildings, providing transient accommodations containing six (6) or more rooms; used, designed or intended to be used, let or hired out for transient occupancy.

HYBRID GREENHOUSE means a permanent fully enclosed and secure structure for the covered propagation and growing of plants, constructed with a translucent roof and solid walls, which has been engineered with stamped plans to be provided to the City, and is a closed or sealed design utilizing negative pressure for odor and environmental control.

INCIDENTAL shall mean secondary, accessory and subordinate to another use, structure or activity.

INGRESS shall mean a point of vehicle entrance to a parking area, lot, garage or driveway.

INTERIOR LOT. See “lot, interior.”

JUNK YARD shall mean the use of any area for the storage of junk including scrap metals, salvage or other materials, or for the dismantling or wrecking of automobiles or other vehicles, or machinery, whether for sale or storage including the salvaging, dismantling, wrecking or reassembling.

KENNELS, COMMERCIAL shall mean any premises wherein any person engages in the business of boarding, breeding, buying, letting for hire, training for a fee, or selling of dogs or cats.

KENNELS, HOBBY shall mean any lot, building, structure, enclosure or premises whereupon five (5) or more dogs or cats over the age of four (4) months are kept for the purposes, whether in special building or runways or not.

LANDSCAPING shall mean the addition of lawns, trees, plants, and other natural and decorative features to land.

LOT shall mean a parcel, tract or area of land established by subdivision or as otherwise permitted by law, to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.

LOT AREA shall mean the total area within the lot lines, excluding any street right-of-way but not excluding any platted land within Clearlake.

LOT, CORNER shall mean a lot abutting upon two (2) or more streets at their intersection.

LOT, INTERIOR shall mean a lot whose front yard abuts a street.

LOT LINE shall mean a line separating the frontage from a street; the side from a street or adjoining property; or the rear from an alley or street or adjoining property.

LOT, THROUGH shall mean a lot having two (2) frontages on two (2) parallel streets.

LOT WIDTH shall mean a development standard defined as the horizontal distance between the side lots lines measured at right angles at the building setback line.

MANUFACTURED HOME shall mean a structure constructed on or after June 15, 1976, is transportable in one or more sections, is eight (8) body feet or more in width, or forty (40) body feet or more in length, in the traveling mode, or when erected on site, is three hundred twenty (320) or more square feet, is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a foundation when connected to required utilities, and includes plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein as set forth in Health and Safety Code Section 18007. “Manufactured home” includes any structure that meets all the requirements of this paragraph, except the size requirements, with respect to which the manufacturer files a certification and complies with standards established under the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Act of 1974. The term does not include a recreational vehicle or a mobile home.

MARIJUANA. See “CANNABIS.”

MARINA shall mean a facility consisting of berths for securing pleasure boats and which may include storing, servicing and fueling of boats.

MAUCRSA means the State Medicinal and Adult Use of Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act, as may be amended.

MAXIMUM HEIGHT shall mean a development standard which limits the height of buildings and structures.

MAXIMUM LOT COVERAGE shall mean the amount of lot area coverage allowed for buildings and covered structures.

MINIMUM LOT SIZE shall mean a development standard which is the smallest size a lot may be divided.

MINING shall mean the removal of minerals, rock, or sand and gravel from the earth by extraction.

MINI-WAREHOUSE shall mean a structure containing separate storage spaces of varying sizes leased or rented on an individual basis.

MOBILE HOME shall mean a structure that was constructed prior to June 15, 1976, is transportable in one or more sections, is eight (8) body feet or more in width, or forty (40) body feet or more in length, in the traveling mode, or when erected on site, is three hundred twenty (320) or more square feet, is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a foundation when connected to required utilities, and includes plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein as set forth in Health and Safety Code Section 18008. “Mobile home” includes any structure that meets all the requirements of this paragraph and complies with state standards for mobile homes in effect at the time of construction. Mobile home does not include a manufactured home, recreational vehicle, commercial coach, or camper as defined by State law.

MOBILE HOME PARK shall mean any area or tract of land where two (2) or more mobile home or manufactured home lots are rented or leased or held out for rent or lease to accommodate mobile homes and/or manufactured homes used for human habitation. The rent paid for any such mobile or manufactured home shall be deemed to include rental for the lot it occupies.

MOBILE HOME OR MANUFACTURED HOME SPACE shall mean a plot of land for placement of a single mobile home or manufactured home within a mobile home park.

NET LOT AREA shall mean the gross lot area minus any ultimate street rights-of-way, slopes greater than thirty (30%) percent, areas within fifteen (15') feet of a stream bank, areas within the floodway, and all easements, except open space easements, that prohibit the surface use of the lot in question by persons other than the easement holder.

NONCONFORMING LOT shall mean a lot, the area dimensions or location of which were lawful prior to the adoption of this Chapter, any amendments hereto, or previously adopted City zoning ordinances, and which does not conform to the present regulations of the zoning or combining district in which it is situated.

NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE shall mean a building or structure, the setbacks, height or location of which was lawful prior to the adoption of this Chapter, any amendments hereto, or previously adopted City zoning ordinances and which does not conform to the present regulations of the zoning or combining district in which it is situated.

NONCONFORMING USE shall mean any use of land, building or structure which was lawful prior to the adoption of this Chapter, any amendment hereto, or previously adopted City zoning ordinances and which does not conform to the present regulations on use of the zoning or combining district in which it is situated.

NOTICE OF APPEAL shall mean a document which indicates that an applicant for a permit or zoning amendment, or an affected party, wishes to appeal a decision of a planning officer or body of the City of Clearlake.

NURSERY SCHOOL shall mean a public or private school for children usually less than five (5) years of age.

OFF-PREMISES SIGN shall mean an off-site sign, including a billboard, which advertises a business, organization, event, person, place or thing.

OFF-SALE LIQUOR shall mean the sale of alcohol or alcohol products for human consumption only when off the site of the place of sale.

OFF-STREET PARKING shall mean an approved vehicle parking area, whether covered or uncovered, which is not located on a dedicated street right-of-way.

ON-SALE LIQUOR shall mean the sale of alcohol or alcohol products for human consumption only when on the site of the place of sale.

OPEN SPACE, COMMON shall mean areas in a development reserved for the use of the residents or guests of a development such as tennis courts, swimming pools, playgrounds, community gardens, landscaped areas for common use, or other open areas of the site needed for the protection of the habitat, archaeological, scenic, or other resources.

OPEN SPACE, PRIVATE shall mean usable open space intended for use of occupants of one (1) dwelling unit, normally including yards, decks and balconies.

OPEN SPACE, PUBLIC shall mean areas in a development reserved for public parks, recreational support facilities such as restrooms, stairways, picnic tables, etc., public parking lots, beaches, access corridors such as bike paths, hiking, or equestrian trails, usable natural areas, and vista points which are accessible to members of the general public. Environmentally sensitive habitat area and archaeological sites may be included in public open space. Water bodies such as streams, ponds, and lakes may be included in public open space only if available for active recreational purposes, i.e., swimming, boating, or fishing but in no case shall water bodies be credited for more than five (5%) percent of the total public open space requirement within a development. “Public open space” shall not include areas which are unusable for recreational purposes, i.e., private or public streets, private parking lots, or hazardous areas such as steep slopes and bluff faces.

OPEN SPACE, USABLE shall mean one (1) or more open areas adjacent to residential uses designed for outdoor living and recreation, and which is located at, below, or above grade.

OPEN STORAGE shall mean the storage of supplies, materials, products, motor vehicles or other appurtenances which is “open” or viewable by the general public. “Open storage” is a form of “outdoor storage.”

OPEN TO THE PUBLIC shall mean a term applied to commercial uses which shall mean “available for use by persons other than employees.”

OUTDOOR MERCHANDISE DISPLAY shall mean any structure or exhibit used or placed in the City of Clearlake for outdoor display purposes (excluding bulk storage of any kind) on which sample items of in-store merchandise are placed for customer purchase and attraction.

OUTDOOR STORAGE shall mean the storage of supplies, materials, products, motor vehicles or other articles outside of a building and left uncovered by roofs or walls. Outdoor storage may be screened. Outdoor storage shall not include outdoor merchandise displays.

PARCEL. See “lot.”

PARKING, COVERED shall mean an accessible and usable parking space within a carport or garage.

PARKING SPACE shall mean an accessible and usable space on the building site located off the street with access for the parking of automobiles. See “off-street parking.”

PERFORMANCE STANDARD shall mean a minimum requirement or maximum allowable limit on the effects or characteristics of a use and used to define compatibility.

PERMANENT OUTDOOR MERCHANDISE DISPLAY shall mean any outdoor merchandise display that is not taken indoors at the end of each business day.

PERMIT shall mean written governmental permission issued by an authorized official, empowering the holder thereof to do some act not forbidden by law, but not allowed without such authorization.

PERMITTED PREMISES means the premises specified in an application for a zoning clearance or use permit, as applicable under this article, which are owned or in possession of the cannabis operator and within which the permittee is authorized to operate a cannabis business in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

PERSON means an individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, limited liability company, estate, trust, business trust, receiver, syndicate, tribe, or any other group or combination acting as a unit and includes the plural as well as the singular number.

PERSONAL CANNABIS CULTIVATION means the growing of six (6) plants or less for personal consumption or use, and not for commercial sale, subject to the provisions of Article 18-9.

PERSONAL SERVICE shall mean a retail establishment or facility which provides for the cleaning, maintenance or repair of clothing or footwear or the maintenance or improvement of the customer’s physical appearance. Personal services include beauty and barber services; photography services; laundering, dry cleaning and dyeing services; funeral and crematory services; and apparel repair, alterations and cleaning pickup services, and shoe repair services.

PLANNED DEVELOPMENT shall mean a large, integrated residential development located on a single building site, or on two (2) or more building sites. In such development, the land and structures shall be planned and developed as a whole in a single development operation or a series of developments in accordance with a master plan.

PLANNING DIRECTOR shall mean the same as the “Community Development Director.”

PLANT NURSERIES, RETAIL shall mean the sale of garden plants, shrubs, trees, packaged fertilizers, soils, chemicals or other nursery goods and related products in small quantities to the ultimate consumer.

POLE SIGN shall mean a detached sign supported wholly by poles, pylons, pillars or beams firmly anchored to the ground.

POULTRY shall mean domesticated birds kept for eggs or meat.

POWER GENERATION shall mean any electrical generating facility using thermal, wind, or water energy but not limited to, biomass plants, wind farms, coal-fired plants, or thermal power plants with a generating capacity of less than fifty (50) megawatts.

PRINCIPAL USE shall mean the primary or initial use of the land, whether it be to farm, to ranch, to reside within a dwelling, or to operate a business. For guidance, in an Agricultural District, the principal use of the land would be farming or ranching. An accessory use would be the farm house.

PRINCIPAL STRUCTURE shall mean a structure in which is conducted the principal use of the lot on which it is situated, except for agricultural uses. In any residential district, any dwelling shall be deemed to be the principal structure on the lot on which it is situated.

PRIVATE UTILITY shall mean any utility which is not a public utility.

PROCESSING FACILITY shall mean facilities for the collection and processing of recyclable materials and reusable items involving can sorting, flattening and shredding, glass sorting and crushing, and paper baling. Such processing shall be done within an enclosed area. Recycling processing facilities do not include wrecking, salvaging or scrap yards.

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES shall mean a service rendered by attorneys, certified public accountants, public accountants, chiropractors, dentists, osteopaths, doctors of medicine, chiropodists, architects, veterinarians, optometrists, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, professional engineers, registered land surveyors and any occupation which is an office oriented service requiring a State license, such as real estate, but does not include personal services.

PROJECTING SIGN shall mean any sign other than a wall sign affixed to any building or wall whose leading edge extends beyond such building or wall.

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE NONPROFIT CAMPGROUNDS shall mean camping facilities for the general public, youth organizations, or community service groups offered either by reservation or for unlimited usage.

PUBLICLY INITIATED PROJECT shall mean an activity proposed and directly undertaken by any public agency under the jurisdiction of the City Council, including but not limited to public works construction and related activities, clearing or grading of land, improvements to existing public structures, enactment and amendment of zoning ordinances, grants or subsidies, and the adoption and amendment of local General Plans or elements.

PUBLICLY MAINTAINED ROAD shall mean any road in the City of Clearlake maintained by public funds.

PUBLIC NOTICE shall mean the announcement of a public hearing in a letter or paper of general circulation in the area, indicating the time, place and nature of the public hearing.

PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM shall mean any sewage disposal system of one hundred (100) or more connections operated and maintained by any municipality, district, public or private corporation, organized and existing under and by virtue of the laws of the State of California.

PUBLIC SIGNS shall mean signs of a noncommercial nature such as community service information signs, safety signs and all signs erected by a public officer in the performance of a public duty.

PUBLIC UTILITY shall mean production, storage, transmission, switching and recovery facilities for water, sewerage, energy, communications and other similar utilities owned or operated by a business organization and subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission.

PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM shall mean any water system, other than an individual well, spring, or mutual water system that is operated by a municipality, governmental agency, or a public utility for the furnishing of potable water.

REAL ESTATE SIGN shall mean any sign which is used to offer for sale, lease or rent the property upon which the sign is placed.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLE shall mean a motor home, travel trailer, camper, camping trailer, or houseboat with or without motor power, designed for human habitation for recreational or emergency occupancy, with a living area less than two hundred twenty (220) square feet excluding built-in equipment such as wardrobes, closets, cabinets, kitchen units or fixtures, and bath and toilet rooms.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK shall mean any area or tract of land, where one (1) or more lots are rented or leased or offered for rent, or leased to owners or users of recreational vehicles or tents and which is occupied for temporary purposes.

REPLACEMENT VALUE shall mean a building evaluation by the Chief Building Official not including the value of land.

REQUIRED YARD, FRONT shall mean a development standard which is applied to the replacement of structures, and is the shortest possible distance between every structure and the front lot line on the subject lot.

REQUIRED YARD, REAR shall mean a development standard which is applied to the placement of structures and is the shortest possible distance between every structure and the rear lot line on the subject lot.

REQUIRED YARD, SIDE shall mean a development standard which is applied to the placement of structures and is the shortest possible distance between every structure and the side lot line on the subject lot.

RESIDENCE shall mean a home, abode or place where a family is living at a specific point in time.

RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY (LARGE) shall mean a single family or multi-unit facility licensed or supervised by a Federal, State, or local health/welfare agency that provides 24-hour non-medical care for more than six (6) unrelated persons in need of personal services, supervision or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual. This includes halfway houses and social rehabilitation facilities. Residential care facilities shall include elder care facilities as defined in California Health and Safety Code Section 1568.0831 and 1569.85. Residential care facility does not include day care facilities, which are separately defined.

RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY (SMALL) shall mean a single family or multi-unit facility licensed or supervised by a Federal, State, or local health/welfare agency that provides 24-hour non-medical care for up to six (6) unrelated persons in need of personal services, supervision or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual. “Six (6) or fewer persons” does not include the operator, the operator’s family or persons employed as staff. This does not include day care facilities, which are separately defined. This is permitted in any area zoned for residential uses.

RESORT shall mean any building site occupied by a hotel or motel, and accessory uses, including swimming, boating, riding, hobby, sporting and recreation facilities.

RESOURCE EXTRACTION shall mean activities involved with the removal of natural resources from the ground including oil and gas exploration and production, gravel extraction, and mining.

REST HOME. See “community care facility.”

RESTAURANT shall mean an establishment where food is prepared for consumption on the premises, which may include on sale alcoholic beverages.

RETAIL TRADE AND SERVICE shall mean the purchase, sale, offering for sale, or other transaction involving the handling or disposition of any article, service, or commodity to the ultimate consumer.

REVERSE VENDING MACHINE shall mean a mechanical device which accepts one (1) or more types of empty beverage containers and issues a cash refund or a redeemable credit slip with a value not less than the container’s redemption value and applicable redemption bonus.

REVIEW AUTHORITY means the individual or official City body and others as identified in the Code as having the responsibility and authority to review and approve or deny permit applications.

ROOF SIGN shall mean any sign erected or constructed wholly upon and over the roof of any building and supported solely on the roof structure.

RUMMAGE SALE shall mean the infrequent sale of secondhand and donated goods by individuals or nonprofit organizations, including garage and yard sales, not to exceed six (6) days per calendar year.

SANITARY LANDFILL shall mean a site for solid waste disposal in which the solid waste is spread in thin layers, compacted to the smallest practical volume, and covered with soil at the end of each working day.

SATELLITE DISH ANTENNA shall mean any accessory structure capable of receiving, for the sole benefit of the principal use, radio or television signals from a transmitter or transmitter relay located in planetary orbit.

SCHOOL, PRIVATE shall mean a school that is established, conducted, and primarily supported by a nongovernmental agency or group of individuals.

SCHOOL, PUBLIC shall mean a tax-supported school controlled by a local government authority.

SECOND RESIDENTIAL UNIT shall mean an attached or a detached residential dwelling unit which provides complete independent living facilities for one or more persons. It shall include permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation on the same parcel as the single family dwelling is situated.

SEMI-PERMANENT OUTDOOR MERCHANDISE DISPLAY shall mean any outdoor merchandise display that is taken indoors at the end of each business day.

SETBACK. See “required yard, front,” “required yard, rear.” “required yard, side,” or “building setback line.”

SIDEWALK VENDOR shall mean a small, secondary outdoor retail use located on an improved lot of record having, as the principal use, an existing retail commercial business. The site shall have parking and access developed in accordance with the current requirements of this Chapter. The use shall be limited to the sale of food, drink and finished products. The storage and display areas for the products or goods shall be located within a cart, kiosk or similar portable structure not exceeding twenty (20) gross square feet; the use of vehicles and trailer coaches are prohibited.

SIGN shall mean anything whatsoever placed, erected, constructed, posted, painted, printed, tacked, nailed, glued, stuck, carved or otherwise fastened, affixed or made visible for out-of-door advertising purposes in any manner whatsoever, on the ground or on any tree, wall, bush, rock, post, fence, building, structure, or anything whatsoever.

SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING. See “dwelling, single-family.”

SINGLE ROOM OCCUPANCY shall mean a structure with a small residential room or more rooms designed to provide living facilities for one (1) person, often with cooking facilities and with private or shared bathroom facilities.

SPECIAL EVENT shall mean an establishment or enterprise involving large assemblages of people or automobiles on private land including but not limited to: a carnival or circus; automobile, boat or foot race; rodeo; outdoor concert, play or festival involving more than one hundred (100) people; professional golf or tennis tournament.

STREET BANNER SIGN shall mean any banner sign which IS stretched across and hung over a public right-of-way.

STREET, PUBLIC. See “publicly maintained road.”

STREET, PRIVATE shall mean a right-of-way or easement used for vehicular, equestrian and/or pedestrian traffic privately owned and maintained.

STRUCTURAL ALTERATION shall mean any change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls, columns, beams or girders.

STRUCTURAL WALL shall mean any bearing wall of a building.

STRUCTURE shall mean anything constructed or erected, the use of which required location on the ground or the attachment to something having location on the ground including swimming pools, and patio covers, but not including paved area and gas storage containers.

SUPPORTIVE HOUSING shall mean housing that provides support services exclusively designated and targeted for recently homeless persons and families that are intended to assist them to gain necessary life skills in support of independent living. Additional services for this type of housing may include case management, mental health treatment and life skills. This housing type has no limit on length of stay. This housing type shall be considered a residential use of property and shall be subject only to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zone.

TARGET POPULATION shall mean persons with low incomes who have one or more disabilities, including mental illness, HIV or AIDS, substance abuse, or other chronic health condition, or individuals eligible for services provided pursuant to the Lanterman Developmental Disabilities Services Act (Division 3.5 (commencing with Section 4500 of the Welfare and Institutions Code) and may include, among other populations, adults, emancipated minors, families with children, elderly persons, young adults aging out of the foster care system, individuals exiting from institutional settings, veterans, and homeless people.

TEMPORARY DWELLING shall mean a travel trailer or motor home which serves as a dwelling unit for the owner/builder for one (1) year while building the principal dwelling unit.

TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION OFFICE shall mean a temporary job site office which serves as commercial office for one (1) year while the principal structure is being built.

TEMPORARY SALES OFFICE shall mean a real estate sales office to serve a newly created subdivision while buildings or lots are offered for initial sale, located on the same tract of land as the buildings or lots offered for sale.

TEMPORARY USE shall mean a term applied to certain uses requiring a temporary use permit which are only allowed for a limited time.

TIMESHARE shall mean a single-family dwelling unit whether attached or detached which is in common ownership by more than one (1) family or individual, the purpose of which is to provide temporary living accommodations to all owners on a scheduled basis for recreation. A timeshare may be managed by nonowners and rented to nonowners when approved by the common owners.

TOWNHOUSE shall mean a single-family dwelling in a row of at least three (3) such units in which each unit has its own front and rear access to the outside, no unit is located over another unit, and each unit is separated from any other unit by one (1) or more common fire resistant walls.

TRAILER COACH shall mean a recreational vehicle designed or used for human habitation, including travel trailers, motor homes, park trailers, house cars and campers, with a maximum gross occupied ground area of less than three hundred twenty (320) square feet and/or a maximum width of eight (8') feet. A trailer coach shall not be considered as a permanent dwelling.

TRAILER COURT OR TRAILER PARK (TITLE 25) shall mean land or premises used or intended to be used for one (1) or more trailer coaches on the basis of lease, rent or other consideration.

TRANSITIONAL HOUSING shall mean housing that provides support services exclusively designated and targeted for recently homeless persons and families that are intended to assist them in obtaining a stable income and permanent housing. Occupancy of such a facility is limited to between six (6) months and twenty-four (24) months. Support services provided may include meals, child care, counseling, vocational rehabilitation and other similar support services. This housing type shall be considered a residential use of property and shall be subject only to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zone.

TRUCK STOP shall mean a place of business primarily engaged in providing service station facilities for cargo vehicles or trailer trucks. Truck stops may include accessory food services.

USE shall mean the purpose for which land or premises of a building thereon is designed, arranged, or intended or for which it is or may be occupied or maintained.

USE, ACCESSORY See “accessory use.”

USE AREA shall mean a measured area occupied by principal and accessory buildings, structures, and appurtenant uses. For guidance, the use area of an agricultural processing facility would include measurements of the gross floor area of all buildings and structures plus the area, in square feet, occupied by all outdoor storage areas, all parking areas, and any other area of ground affected by the processing of agricultural products.

USE PERMIT, CONDITIONAL or TEMPORARY shall mean a discretionary permit. A use permit is the authorization of a particular use for a specified period of time and often includes conditions of approval which run with the land, regardless of ownership.

USES, PERMITTED shall mean a section title found in base zoning districts and combining district where applicable which indicates a list of uses which require only staff review.

VETERINARY CLINIC or HOSPITAL, LARGE ANIMAL shall mean any premises used for the care and treatment of large domestic animals including horses, cattle, goats, sheep, and similar animals with all such operations being conducted wholly within a building, except for holding pens or corrals while the large animal is under care of the veterinarian.

VETERINARY CLINIC or HOSPITAL, SMALL ANIMAL shall mean any premises used for the care and treatment of small domestic animals including dogs, cats, birds and similar animals and fowl with all such operations being conducted wholly within a building.

WALL SIGN shall mean any sign painted on or attached to and erected parallel to the face of, or e erected and confined within the limits of, the outside wall of any building and supported by such wall or building and which displays only one advertising surface.

WINDOW SIGN shall mean a sign displayed inside the first floor window area of a building not occupying more than fifty (50%) percent of the area of the window.

WINERY shall mean a bonded establishment primarily used for the purpose of processing grapes or other fruit products. Processing includes, but is not limited to, crushing, fermenting, blending, aging, storage, bottling, and wholesale/retail sales of wine produced and bottled on the premises. Accessory uses include tasting rooms and incidental retail sales of wine related products, including but not limited to, glasses, bottle openers, advertisements, and previously prepared packaged foods.

YARD, FRONT shall mean a yard between the front line of the lot and the nearest line of the main wall of the building and extending from side line to side line of the lot. Also see required front yard. For the purposes of determining yard requirements and setbacks on through lots, all lot lines adjacent to opposing streets shall be considered front lot lines. For the purposes of determining yard requirements and setbacks on corner lots, the narrower street frontage shall be considered the front lot line.

YARD, REAR shall mean a yard between the rear line of the lot and the nearest line of the main wall of the building and extending from side line to side line of the lot. Also see “required rear yard.”

YARD, SIDE shall mean a yard between the side line of the lot and the nearest line of the main wall of the building and extending from the front setback of the lot to the rear setback. Also see “required side yard.”

YOUTH-ORIENTED FACILITY shall mean a public or private school (K-12), licensed daycare facilities, public parks, or a “youth center” as defined by State law as any public or private facility that is primarily used to host recreational or social activities for minors, including, but not limited to, private youth membership organizations or clubs, social service teenage club facilities, video arcades, or similar amusement park facilities. (Ord. #71-76, § 4; Ord. #04-87, § 6-101; Ord. #14-88; Ord. #16-89; Ord. #72-96, § 64; Ord. #100-00, §§ 7, 8; Ord. #104-02, § 4; Ord. #2007-133, § 4; Ord. #2014-171, § 32; Ord. #200-2017; Ord. #229-2019, § 3)